Dogs can be quite indiscriminate about what they eat, which makes them good at eating the wrong things. This makes it essential that we do all we can to ensure they don’t have ac-cess to things that might poison them.
Here are the top toxins we see at VetsOne.
1. Medications. Medications are great when they are used correctly but can be dangerous when not. Human medications are common toxins (either by accidental access or a deliberate decision to medicate a pet), but we have also seen errors in giving prescription pet medication. Illegal drugs have also caused toxicities when animals have had access (accidentally or otherwise). Make sure med-ication is inaccessible at all times, ensure you carefully read and follow our prescribing advice, and never medicate your pet without professional veterinary advice.
2. Rat Bait. It is vital to think carefully about where you set baits, and watch access to areas where baits are stored. This toxin catches a lot of people out because aﬀected dogs may look OK for days afterwards, but it interferes with blood coagulation, so dogs can die of blood loss if left untreated.
3. Chocolate. Not all things toxic are actual poisons. There are several foods your dog should not have access to but chocolate is top of the list. Hiding them in wrapping paper doesn’t stop noses as good as a dogs’ nose. Chocolate acts as a heart stimulant and causes hyper-excitability. Grapes (esp as raisins), onions and walnuts in their shells (actually the fungal spores on walnut shells to be accurate) have also sent their fair share of dogs to our emergency room. Avocado, Macadamia Nuts and Xylitol (Artiﬁcial Sweetener) have also been reported to cause problems.
Q: Where does dog food go before it is sold in stores.
A: To the “lab” for testing
4. Blue-green Algae. Well reported as a toxin and commonly seen in Summer with slower river ﬂows. They can appear as dark green/black or brown mats of algae in the water or as paler (beige/white/light grey) mats on the shore-line once dried by the sun. Unfortunately, this is almost always rapidly fatal. Do not allow your dogs to be in contact with rivers when algae is present.
5. Slug bait. A particularly nasty toxin as it doesn’t take much to cause dramatic eﬀects on your dog. Two main sources of contact are; direct access to bait stations and ﬁnding old stored boxes in sheds. Symptoms include; salivation and tremors, which lead to convulsions..
6. Plants. Plants can look pretty but can be toxic to our pets. There is a larger list than we can record here, but common culprits are rhododendrons/azaleas and tulips/daﬀodils.
Some poisons are treatable (either with anti-dotes or managing the symptoms until they resolve). However, there is a very small window for us to induce vomiting to reduce absorption, and potentially treat the toxin. If you do suspect your dog has had contact with something toxic, please don’t delay – seeking immediate veterinary attention is vital even after-hours.